SSC Exam Format

The SSC conducts examination in *one and two tiers. After a candidate successfully clears the first tier exam, he/ she are called for the next tier exam on a tentative date. On attempting and clearing both the exams, the candidates are called for interviews.

  1. SSC CGL (Combined Graduate Level)

The exam for SSC CGL is conducted in three tiers; I tier for Preliminary Written exam, II tier for Main Written Exam and III tier for interview/ Personality or skill test. The Tier I examination is common for all posts of different categories.

Tier I examination (200 Marks): The exam is held for two hours, and extra time is given for visually handicapped personals. The question paper includes basic aptitude, intelligence and reasoning, English comprehension, and general awareness. The question paper comes with multiple choice options in Hindi as well as English.

Marking scheme for Tier I examination:


Tier-II examination

The second level of SSC for CGL will be depending upon the type of post applied. For recruitment on some posts, one, two, or three papers have to be attempted on the second level of SSC exam. The duration of test is two hours for all and visually handicapped people will be having extra forty minutes as in tier I examination.

Exam Format of Tier-II examination:

  1. For Sub-Inspector (200 Marks):


Paper No. Subject Questions
I English Language and Comprehension 100
  • Number of papers for Income Tax Officers, Accountants, Auditors, UDCs (200 Marks):
Paper No. Subject Questions
I Arithmetical Ability 100

English Language and Comprehension

  • Number of papers for Statistical Investigators and Compilers (600 Marks):

Paper No.




Arithmetical Ability 100


English Language and Comprehension 200


Commerce/Economics/Mathematics Statistics


The eligibility to decide the candidature depends on scoring more than cut off marks in paper as well as aggregate. The screening for tier III depends on preliminary as well as mains written examination.

Tier III Interview/ Personality Test

The candidates have to appear before an interview panel that will decide the final selection of candidates for different posts. The candidates applying for Sub-Inspectors post have to go through a physical endurance test (PET). The interview tests the personality of a candidate, or a skill test is conducted to filter the best candidates among all.


Tier I

General Awareness Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Questions on India,  Neighbor countries, Constitution of India , Culture, Economics, General Politics, Geography, Sports, Scientific research.
General Intelligence and Reasoning Analysis, Analogies, Arithmetical Reasoning, Coding and Decoding, Decision making, Discrimination, Figural classification, Judgement, Number series, Non-verbal series,  Problem solving, Observation, Relationship,  Similarities and Differences, Spatial Visualization, Spatial Orientation, Statement Conclusion, Syllogistic reasoning Verbal and non-verbal reasoning, Visual Memory.
Numerical Aptitude Computation of whole numbers, decimals, fractions, basic mathematics, profit and loss, simple interest, compound interest, percentage, ratio, speed and time problems, work and time problems, averages.
English comprehension Basics of sentences, synonyms, antonyms, fill in the blanks, ordering of sentences, basic comprehension, writing ability, meanings.


Tier II

Paper I Arithmetic Ability Arithmetic Operations, Average, Decimals, Discount, Fractions, Graphs, Interest, Mensuration, Number systems, Percentage, Profit and Loss, Ratio and Proportion, Ratio and Time, Table Whole Numbers, Time and Distance.
Paper II English comprehension Basics of sentences, synonyms, antonyms, Error recognition, fill in the blanks (verbs, preposition, articles), Grammar, Passages, Phrases and Idioms, basic comprehension, Sentence Completion, Spellings, writing ability, vocabulary.
Paper III A. Statistics Probability, Distribution, Binomial, Poisson, Normal, Exponential, Compilation, classification of tabular data, Measures of central tendency, dispersion, association, contingency, scatter diagrams, correlation coefficients, and linear regression analysis. Population, random samples, parameters, statistics, sampling distribution, simple random sampling, stratified sampling, systematic sampling, sampling and non-sampling errors, type I and type ii errors. Hypothesis, Null and alternate, Testing of hypothesis, Chi-square tests, Index numbers, Time series analysis, components of variation and estimation.
B. Economics General economics: Demand and supply analysis, Laws of interaction of Demand and Supply, production  function and laws of return, Commodity pricing, market forms and price determination, Theory of factor pricing- rent, wage, interest and profit. Theory of employment- classical and neo-classical approach. Keynesian theory of employment- principles of effective demand, meaning and importance of investment, Relation between saving and investment, Multiplier effect, process of income generation, post Keynesian development. Nature and function of money, value of money, fluctuations in value of money, inflation and deflation, monetary policy, index number. International trade- free trade and protection, theories of international trade, Foreign exchange, determination of rate of exchange, purchasing power, parity theory and balance of payment theory. Public finance-nature and scope. Taxation-meaning, classification, principles, incidence. Deficit financing, Fiscal Policy.

International Economics and general statistics: Statistical investigation- meaning and planning, collection of data and editing, types of sampling, schedule and questionnaire, presentation of data, measures of central tendency, nature income and accounting- estimation of natural income, trends in national income, national income data, agriculture sector, industrial policies, problems on economic development, profile of human resources, new economic policies, government policies, Indian public finance, banking and currency system.  C. MathematicsAlgebra, Algebra of Matrices, Analytic geometry, Differential equation, Differential and Integral Calculus, Statistics. D. CommerceAccountancy, Business organization, Management, Micro Economics, Indian Economics, Business Statistics, Business Law, Company law, Cost accounting, Auditing, Income Tax.

  1. Stenographer [Grade C and D]:

The role of stenographer in Indian Government offices is to record the spoken words in textual words using a stenotype machine. This job is mostly a part of court rooms. The candidate applying for stenographer post has to clear a written exam and a stenography skill test after completion of objective written test.

The question paper for stenography in SSC consists of multiple choice questions covering general intelligence and reasoning, general awareness, English language and comprehension. A two hour paper is set for 200 marks. A negative marking scheme of 0.25 for every wrong question is also in this paper.

Marking scheme:


Syllabus for Stenography:

Tier I (200 marks)
General Intelligence and Reasoning Analogies, Analysis, Arithmetical Number series, Arithmetical Reasoning Decision Discriminating observation, Making, Judgement, Problem solving, Relationship,  Similarities & Differences, Space Visualization Verbal and Non-Verbal reasoning, Verbal and Figure classification, Visual Memory
General Awareness Questions related to environment and Society, Current events, India and Neighboring countries, Sports, history, Culture, Geography, Economic scenario, General Politics, Indian Constitution, Scientific research,
English Language and Comprehension Antonyms, Comprehension, Grammar, Sentence Structure, Synonyms, Vocabulary, Writing ability.


The skill test is determined by the commission to select candidates. With good steno typing skills, one can secure a post of grade C or D in SSC. The qualifying marks for steno typing skill test is differ for different candidates of various categories.

The steno typing test is given with a ten minutes dictation which has to be transcribed on a computer. The transcription time is:

Tier II- Skill test for stenography
Grade C stenography test: 100 words per minute

English: 40 minutes

Hindi: 55 minutesGrade D stenography test:80 words per minute

English: 50 minutes

Hindi: 65 minutes


  1. Junior Translators:

The junior translators are posted to translate the official documents in Hindi to English and vice versa. The candidate opting for this post has to qualify in preliminary exam and then attend a personality test or interview for final selection.

Marking scheme for Junior Translator exam:

The paper is conducted in two parts where in first session the candidates have to attempt the language paper of 100 marks which consists of questions from Hindi and English language. In the second session, the paper for translation skills is conducted which is marked for 200 marks.

NOTE: Duration of each paper is of two hours.


Syllabus for Tier I exam:

Tier I (400 marks)

English and Hindi language Antonyms, Correct Usage of words, Error recognition, Fill in the blanks, Grammar, Phrases and Idioms, Sentence structure, Sentence completion, Synonyms, Spellings, Vocabulary.
Translation and Essay Translation of passage from Hindi to English and vice versa, Essay writing in Hindi and English.


Tier-II Personality Test/ Interview (100 marks):

The personality test holds 100 marks in SSC for Junior Translators. The interview process is conducted to discover the personality traits, communication techniques, grasp on general knowledge, aptitude and different traits. The interview can be given in Hindi/ English language according to a candidate’s choice.

  1. Junior Engineers

Syllabus for Tier-I exam:

The exam is held in similarity with the Combined Graduate level exam of SSC.

Tier I
a. Civil engineers Building materials, Estimating, costing and valuation, Surveying, Soil mechanics, Hydraulics, Irrigation engineering, Transportation engineering, environmental engineering, structural engineering– Theory of structures, concrete technology, RCC design, Steel design.
b. Electrical Engineers Basic concepts of resistance, power, circuit law, magnetic circuit, AC fundamentals, Measurement and measuring instruments, Electrical machines, Motors, Synchronous machines, Generation, Transmission and distribution of power. Estimation and costing, Utilization of electrical energy, basic electronics.
c. Mechanical Engineering Theory of machines and machine design, engineering mechanics and strength of materials, thermal engineering, fluid mechanics and machinery, production engineering.

These were the major posts and syllabuses of the related position. SSC is conducted annually on tentative dates to find the right kind of candidates for working in Indian Ministries and Departments.

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