A 2 hour 45 minutes test is scheduled to judge the candidate’s ability to listen, read, write and speak the language. Every section has distinct marks and task assigned to it accordingly. The Listening and Speaking tests are common for Academic and General Version but the other reading and writing test differs for each case. Each section of the IELTS test is designed to assess the ability to understand English and comprehend well.
- A) Listening: In this section, overall 40 minutes are dedicated for the test, where the test takes 30 minutes for attempting the questions asked and the rest 10 minutes to comply them as answer on the answer sheet. Every module of the listening section consists of 10 questions each. Each question can be heard only once but a brief introduction is given before the sections for candidate’s information.
|Everyday situations:||Section 1||Questions based on conversation between two speakers.|
|Section 2||Questions based on a speech by a speaker.|
|Educational and Training Situations:||Section 3||Questions based on conversation between two speakers.|
|Section 4||Questions based on an academic subject by a speaker.|
- B) Reading: This section consists of a number of different types of questions based on the given text. The questions can be identification of information, writer’s view, multiple choice, short answers, or summary. The reading test of IELTS is also divided into three sections, where textual portions, notices or other informatory texts are given and based on that, questions are asked in this part.
|Academic Test||Questions based on texts from different areas, graduation and post-graduation level books, journals, newspapers, and online content.|
|Non-Academic Test||Section 1||Questions from short topics, notices, routes, other everyday stuffs.|
|Section 2||Questions based on job profiles, descriptions and training materials.|
|Section 3||Questions based on long and complex texts from online magazines, journals etc.|
- Speaking section: This part of IELTS test can be taken prior or post to the written test. It consists of a 60 minutes test time where one can be interviewed about their personal and professional details, their objectives for taking IELTS etc. An examiner is appointed who conducts face to face interview of the candidate which is recorded for further evaluation.
|Section 1||Introduction and Interview part which involves speaking on personal and professional details.|
|Section 2||Speaking based on a task card where aspects written in task cards have to be discussed and one aspect explained thoroughly.|
|Section 3||Discussions are carried between examiner and candidate about the task card.|
- Writing Section: The writing section is also an important part where a candidate’s views and perception are tested properly. The candidates are given two compulsory tasks which are required to be completed within the stipulated period. Candidates are expected to write long and topic-relevant answers.
The two test sections are as following:
|Academic Test||Section 1[20 mins]||Writing description on graphs, tables, charts or diagrams in own words.|
|Section 2[40 mins]||Detailed description on a task based topic.|
|Non-Academic Test||Section 1[20 mins]||Letter writing on everyday situations.|
|Section 2[40 mins]||Essay writing based on general topics.|
More than millions of students take IELTS test every year because of its standardization and presence in English speaking countries. A candidate can practice by reading journals, English newspapers, magazines etc. to improvise reading and writing skills. For fluency in speaking and communication one can refer to English movies, series and listen to English news channels.